Externalisation policies and deals like the recent Tunisia – EU deal are ineffective and harmful. Rather than driving down the number of people who migrate, they push people to take other, often more dangerous, irregular routes to Europe. This in turn makes people fall through the cracks, causing them to become undocumented.
Interviewed by Euronews MPG’s Head of Research Dr. Başak Yavçan stated “What we see with externalisation policies is that funds are provided to non-EU countries in return for border security. Often these funds come without strict overseeing mechanisms to monitor human rights violations. In addition, these policies empower the leaders of these countries, some of which have oppressive authoritarian leaders. This in turn can drive more migration.”
Instead, we should address the root causes that force people to migrate, such as global inequalities, political instability and increasingly also the climate crisis. To prevent needless loss of life we need routes that allow people to migrate to Europe safely and better global responsibility-sharing mechanisms for refugee resettlement.
Read more of MPG’s research on the impact of migration policies on migration and integration.
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About the Migration Policy Group (MPG)
MPG is an independent think-and-do-tank based in Brussels. MPG’s purpose is rooted in its ability to inspire networks to provide evidence-based projects, research and campaigns in the areas of integration, migration and anti-discrimination.